Why Are Some People Cruel?

And what can we do about that?

Photo by Jørgen Håland on Unsplash

All of us sometimes cause pain for other people, and often that is unintentional. We may not notice that we are doing so, or we may lack sufficient self-awareness to realize the harm we are causing.

But some people seem to derive pleasure from causing pain to other people. We call them “cruel”. What in our evolution as human beings, and what in the individual…